Agroforestry is a beautiful combination of agriculture and forestry. In India, with almost more than 700,000 square kilometres of the total land, forest in India is more than prepared to welcome agriculture. About 95,000 square kilometres of land in India has tree cover. This itself is a welcome to start agroforestry in India. Out of which, statistics show roughly 13.5 million hectares of land in India practices agroforestry.
To transform the rural life population, the agroforestry was introduced in India. Based on several kinds of research and documentation, the agroforestry got a name and was launched in many countries.
[caption id="" align="aligncenter" width="606"] Challenges with Agroforestry in India[/caption]
Benefits Of Agroforestry in India
Uplift the rural population
Have economic development
Witness ecological development
Live in a conservative environment where soil and water are protected
Reduce wildlife fire and deforestation
Lower animal life stress
Maintain the ecological balance in the environment
Lower the diseases of the animals and plants
Grow different types of plant species
Utilize solar energy
Conserve soil fertility
Make three departments- agriculture, forestry, and animal husbandry go hand in hand
Enhance the import and export wood industry business
Prevent furthering of damage related to deforestation that results in more buildings
Help agritourism in India
Yet, there are a few challenges faced by the people believing in agroforestry. These challenges are as follows:
Tiresome Legislation –
The way processes are carried out in this country, is by far the most tiresome processes in the world. The legislation requires a lot of forms, a lot of signatures, and a lot of permissions, and with a lot of commissions. For an individual, officer, or for a farmer who wants to carry out agroforestry, it gets troublesome and tiresome with time.
Frustration in Government
Inadequate compensation for destroyed crops in India is one of the reasons for the growing frustration in government.
Another being lack of assured financial support for letting the whole world know about agroforestry. Inadequate harvesting methodologies lead to a different level of frustration for the government.
Shortage of Superior Planting Material
There is a scarcity of buds of suitable tree species seen all over India. Coupled with time to time occurrences of plant and animal diseases. Both of these factors lead to the underdevelopment of agroforestry in India. In deforestation, the superior planting material gets cut and destroyed for the future generations of the farmland in India.
Insufficient Research Material
People working in the agricultural sector, have little or no knowledge regarding value-added products. They lack adequately trained staff to carry out research analysis over farmland in India. For some people, research analysis starts with looking for agricultural land.
Lack of Market Infrastructure
Nobody in the laymen’s atmosphere is aware of such a foundation or mixture of agriculture and forestry. Due to a lack of marketing strategies and marketing systems, there lies a huge gap between people in the agricultural sector and the rest of the population.
With the advent of infrastructure, more homes are being formed. To form those homes, you need land. And, you need to cut treed to form buildings. The pressure of the ever-increasing population is putting pressure on agroforestry. More the population more is the demand for homes. Most populous countries don’t keep in mind the need of investment for future generations.
Wood Transportation Is Cumbersome
People, in general, fail to understand the importance of import and export of wood business. All they care about is how wearisome and irksome and thwarting can wood transportation get. The wood industry can bring about ecological, economic, and societal benefits to the country.
Global warming has cast a spell on the agricultural land in India. It is grossly affected the agricultural investment companies. Not just them, but also the agritourism in India. Everyone wants to own farm plots for themselves, but nobody wants to plant, reduce pollution, and cut down on smoking. These are all the factors leading to a drop seen in the agricultural business opportunities in India.
The Mind-setofthe Farmers
At the ground level, small scale farmers have no other knowledge than to trust their ancestors when it comes to farming. They are as stubborn and stringent to change their mindsets as are the pollen on the crops. They need to be taught about and introduced to the second revolution.
Many laws are revolving around tree felling transport, processing, and sale. These laws have been going on for years now. It’s time they changed now. They need to be changed so that the agroforestry is facilitated to bring about a change in India's agricultural business opportunities.
Profit forth Middlemen
Farmland is a buyer’s market. Middlemen who deal with the relation between the buyer and the owner of farmland benefit from the exchange of the farm. Due to the lack of awareness of the technical and economic data related to the agroforestry, there occurs profit for the middlemen who are only looking for collecting many pennies in their names.
Lengthening Of the Processes
At every step of legislation and legalization, there are taxes imposed, innumerable forms, and too many signatures, and participation of too many agencies. Thus, investment for future generations becomes an unbar gained and lengthy process.
The Bigger Picture
The twin goals of introducing agroforestry as a culture get ignored in the whole process of acceptance. The twin goals being attaining climate goals and improvising the sustenance of the poor farmers. If only people concentrating on these twin goals, there would not be any farm-related suicide.
Yet, there are many challenges in the field of agritourism in India. There is no acceptance given to agroforestry, and so agritourism is affected. It would bring about a significant change in the agriculture investment companies in India.